Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

Riverbank Grape

Riverbank Grape

Vitis riparia

Full sun to shade; wet to dry moisture level; prefers rich soil but tolerates coarse sands and gravels, sandy loams to fine silt loams, heavy silts, silty clay loam and stiff clays; prefers slightly acid to neutral pH but tolerates alkaline.

35 feet or more in height; blooms in May and June; yellow green flowers; blue-black fruit in late summer.

Growth Rate:  Very fast

Maintenance:  Infrequent disease and insect problems.  Any pruning best done in winter when plants are dormant; otherwise they bleed profusely (however it is not fatal).

Propagation:  Seed germination code  C(60-120) at 41 degrees F.  41%-96% germination in 13-16 days.  If seed is sown outside, can sometimes take 12 months to germinate.  Can also be propagated by cuttings of mature wood from the current season’s growth.

Native Region:  Occurs in only 10 counties, limited to the Coastal Plain, Highland Rim, and Central Basin provinces

High-climbing vine that drapes over trees with long, leggy stems.   Brownish-red exfoliating bark.  Very fragrant flowers and clusters of of bluish-black grapes (technically berries) are the plant’s showy characteristics.  Requires warm, sunny location for good berry production.  Very tolerant of flooding and sometimes occurs in wetlands.  Long-lived.  Can be weedy.  Fruit is a favorite food of songbirds, upland game birds, waterfowl and mammals.

vine;sun;wet;clay
vine;sun;wet;loam
vine;sun;wet;sand
vine;sun;wet;rocky
vine;sun;medium;clay
vine;sun;medium;loam
vine;sun;medium;sand
vine;sun;medium;rocky
vine;sun;dry;clay
vine;sun;dry;loam
vine;sun;dry;sand
vine;sun;dry;rocky
vine;sun/shade;wet;clay
vine;sun/shade;wet;loam
vine;sun/shade;wet;sand
vine;sun/shade;wet;rocky
vine;sun/shade;medium;clay
vine;sun/shade;medium;loam
vine;sun/shade;medium;sand
vine;sun/shade;medium;rocky
vine;sun/shade;dry;clay
vine;sun/shade;dry;loam
vine;sun/shade;dry;sand
vine;sun/shade;dry;rocky
vine;shade;wet;clay
vine;shade;wet;loam
vine;shade;wet;sand
vine;shade;wet;rocky
vine;shade;medium;clay
vine;shade;medium;loam
vine;shade;medium;sand
vine;shade;medium;rocky
vine;shade;dry;clay
vine;shade;dry;loam
vine;shade;dry;sand
vine;shade;dry;rocky

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