Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

Winterberry

Winterberry

Ilex verticillata

Full to part sun; wet to medium moisture level; prefers rich organic soils, medium to fine soils (primarily peats or mucks) but tolerates heavy soil; moderately acid pH.

6-10 feet height by 6-10 feet spread; blooms in June, greenish white flowers; scarlet red berries on female plants in late summer.

Growth Rate:  Slow in youth but can be induced into medium growth rate with fertilizer and water.  Suckers to form colonies.

Maintenance:  Infrequent disease and insect problems.  Some susceptibility to tar spots, leaf spots and powdery mildew but nothing serious.

Propagation:  Difficult from seed and moderately difficult from cuttings

Native Region:  Scattered statewide

A deciduous holly that occurs naturally in swamps, bogs, wet meadows and wet forests but is still fairly adaptable in the garden provided the soil is not droughty.  Hardiest of the native hollies.  Requires male and female plants to set fruit, and females laden with red fruits make a spectacular sight in winter.  Excellent for mass planting, shrub borders, waterside planting and wet soils.  Will develop chlorosis in high pH alkaline soils.  Large number of cultivars available.  Attracts birds.

shrub;sun;wet;clay
shrub;sun;wet;loam
shrub;sun;medium;clay
shrub;sun;medium;loam
shrub;sun/shade;wet;clay
shrub;sun/shade;wet;loam
shrub;sun/shade;medium;clay
shrub;sun/shade;medium;loam

Leave a comment below. (Comments will remain hidden until approved by site administrators.)

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: