Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

White Ash

White Ash

Fraxinus americana

Full sun; medium moisture level; prefers fertile deep soils but will withstand a variety of soils as long as they are not too rocky or dry; slightly acid to neutral pH.

60-90 feet height by 25-60 feet spread; tiny green to purple flowers on separate male and female trees in April; female trees produce dense clusters of tan, winged seeds up to 2 inches long.

Growth Rate: Medium

Maintenance: Susceptible to many disease and insect problems. Emerald ash borer has wreaked havoc on native ash. Brittle branches susceptible to wind damage.

Propagation: Seed germination code E. 68-86 degrees F. for 30 days followed by 41 degrees F. for 60 days.

Native Region: Statewide

Largest of our native ashes with a rounded, dense crown. Will tolerate quite a bit of shade but needs quite a bit of sun to get a full crown.   Autumn color can be red, purple or yellow. Cultivars available

Planting of this tree is no longer recommended due to Emerald ash borer. Emerald ash borer can kill a tree within 3-5 years after infestation. Once infested, very difficult to control. Also most susceptible of the Ash species to ash yellows which is caused by an organism similar to a virus, and once infected, not much can be done.

Generally low wildlife value. Larval host to Mourning Cloak, Red-spotted Purple, Tiger Swallowtail and several Sulphur butterflies. Provides good cover and nesting sites for birds.

tree;sun;medium;clay
tree;sun;medium;loam
tree;sun;medium;sand

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