A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants
Full sun, wet to medium moisture level, tolerant of wide range of soils except rocky, moderately acid to alkaline pH. 3-4 ft. height, blooms in summer, red flowers, re-seeds to a modest degree.
Germination Code: C(30)
Native Region: Middle and East Tennessee and lightly in West Tennessee
Usually found in wetlands but does well in garden soil with regular moisture. Easy from seed. One of the few ornamental plants that grows in mucky clay. Often suffers from aphids. Preferred larval food for Monarch butterflies. Attracts a wide range of bees and butterflies.