Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

Indian Paintbrush

Indian Paintbrush

Castilleja coccinea

Full sun, moderately wet to moderately dry moisture level, sandy soil, mildly acidic to slightly alkaline pH.  1-2 ft. height, blooms late spring through summer, orange-red flowers, poor re-seeder.

Germination code:  C(60), K, D.  Difficult from seed.

Native region:  Isolated counties in Middle and East Tennessee

Primarily a biennial.  This plant is semi-parasitic.  Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, usually grasses, and then penetrate the roots of the host plant to gain a portion of their nutrients.  Name comes from resemblance to a brush dipped in paint.  Attracts hummingbirds.

flower;sun;wet;sand
flower;sun;medium;sand
flower;sun;dry;sand

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