A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants
Aesculus flava (A. octandra)
Full to part sun; moderately wet to medium moisture level; prefers fertile, loamy soil; slightly acid to circumneutral pH.
40-80 feet height by 20-35 feet spread; yellow or yellowish white flowers in spring; fruit is a smooth, glossy nut in a 2-3 inch, brown husk.
Growth Rate: Slow
Maintenance: Frequent disease and insect problems. Leaf blotch can be a significant problem. However it has better disease resistance than the Ohio Buckeye.
Propagation: Seed germination code C (120); easy from seed.
Native Region: Eastern half of the state
Irregular to upright oval canopy tree with stout, picturesque branches. Often regarded as the most beautiful of the native buckeyes. Abundant in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Not a desirable option as a street tree or on lawns near homes due to the litter of twigs, falling leaves and fruit that it produces but good option in a naturalized setting. Red to orange leaves in fall. Native to rich, moist woods, bottomlands, stream banks and mountain slopes. Foliage tends to scorch and deteriorate in dry conditions.
Generally low wildlife value. Nuts are poisonous for humans but occasionally eaten by small mammals such as squirrels.