A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants
Eastern White Pine
Full to part sun; medium to dry moisture level; prefers fertile loam but is tolerant of a range of soil conditions including coarse to fine loams, loamy sand, and rocky soils; very strongly acid to neutral pH.
50-80 feet height by 20-40 feet spread; very inconspicuous yellowish male flowers and red to purplish female flowers in spring; cylindrical, tan-brown, 6-8 inch long cones in early August to mid- October.
Growth Rate: Fast; one of the fastest growing landscape pines.
Maintenance: Frequent disease and insect problems. Subject to two very serious pests: (1) white pine blister rush, a bark disease, which eventually kills the tree, and (2) white pine weevil which kills terminal shoots and seriously deforms the tree. In spite of these problems, tree is still considered to be low maintenance.
Propagation: Seed germination code C(60)
Native Region: Scattered statewide but concentrated in Ridge and Valley and in Blue Ridge provinces
Very handsome evergreen that is one of the most majestic trees in North America and an excellent specimen tree for lawns or parks. One of our most beautiful native pines. Soft, gray-green needles give it a fine, wispy texture. Long-lived tree reading maturity at 200-350 years with an extreme age potential of 400-500 years. Prefers full sun and fertile soils in cool, humid climates. Does not do well in clay soil and often dies. Quite susceptible to strong sweeping winds which can cause loss of branches. Many cultivars available.
Very high wildlife value. Cones attract songbirds, upland ground birds, small mammals, and deer. Produces cones at a young age, usually 5-10 years of age.