Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

Black Maple, Black Sugar Maple

Black Maple, Black Sugar Maple

Acer nigrum (A. saccharum ssp. nigrum)

Full to part sun, moderately wet to medium moisture level; coarse loamy sands to medium loams and silt loams; slightly acid to neutral pH.

60-75 feet height by 40-60 feet spread; inconspicuous pale yellow green flowers in spring; seeds are two-winged, tan-brown samaras in long, loose clusters in late summer.

Growth Rate: Fast when young and then medium to slow

Maintenance: No serious insect or disease problems

Propagation: Seed germination code C (60-90); easy from seed.

Native Region:   Lightly statewide with greatest concentration in Middle Tennessee

Excellent shade tree with dense rounded crown. Extremely similar in appearance to northern Sugar Maple and often hard to differentiate. Probably more drought resistant than Sugar Maple. Tree sap may be tapped for syrup and is equal in quality to the Sugar Maple. Golden yellow, orange and red foliage in fall. Long lived at 150-200 years. Typically occurs in rich woods, ravines, valley slopes and along streams.

Very high wildlife value. Attracts birds and mammals.


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