Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

Cow Parsnip

Cow Parsnip

Heracleum maximum

Full sun to shade, moderately wet to medium moisture level, adapted to a wide range of soils including clay, moderately acid to neutral pH.  6-8 feet height, blooms spring into summer, white flowers, spreads rapidly by seed.

Germination Code:  F?, M?

Native Region:  Only in Stewart, Polk, Blount, Cocke, Greene, Washington, and Unicoi counties

Biennial or perennial.  Very tall plant with huge leaves and flat umbels of numerous tiny white flowers.  Can cause chemical burns to skin when handled so wear gloves when handling.  Can be weedy and invasive.  Attracts birds and butterflies.

flower;sun;wet;clay
flower;sun;wet;loam
flower;sun;wet;sand
flower;sun;medium;clay
flower;sun;medium;loam
flower;sun;medium;sand
flower;sun/shade;wet;clay
flower;sun/shade;wet;loam
flower;sun/shade;wet;sand
flower;sun/shade;medium;clay
flower;sun/shade;medium;loam
flower;sun/shade;medium;sand
flower;shade;wet;clay
flower;shade;wet;loam
flower;shade;wet;sand
flower;shade;medium;clay
flower;shade;medium;loam
flower;shade;medium;sand

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