A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants
Full to part sun, wet to moderately wet moisture level, sandy or loamy soil, alkaline pH. 4 ft. height, blooms summer into fall, purple flowers.
Germination Code: ?
Native Region: Isolated counties in Middle and East Tennessee
Biennial. Is a wetland plant in Tennessee. Occurs naturally in wet soils in meadows, marshes, swamps, bogs and open woods. Designated a noxious weed in some states. Attracts butterflies and bees.