A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants
Full shade, moderately wet to moderately dry moisture level, prefers rich soil, neutral pH. 4-6 inches height, blooms in spring, brown flowers, spreads by rhizomes and self-sows readily.
Germination Code: L, E
Native Region: Statewide
Low, colony-forming perennial with velvety heart-shaped leaves. Where its needs are met, it can create a dense carpet on the woodland floor. Flower is a cup-shaped calyx with brownish, purple lobes that attract insects. Leaves are deer and rabbit resistant because the foliage is toxic. Seeds are usually spread by ants when they carry seed back to their nests.