Tennessee Smart Yards Native Plants

A comprehensive database of Tennessee native plants

Red Buckeye

Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia

Full to part sun but best in full sun; medium moisture level; prefers a fertile sandy loam but grows on sandy, loamy and clay soils; moderately acid to circumneutral pH.

10-25 feet height by 10-20 feet spread; bright red flowers in April and May; shiny nuts in light brown, smooth husks in September. Nuts are poisonous.

Growth Rate: Fairly slow

Maintenance: Infrequent disease and insect problems although leaf blotch can be a serious problem.

Propagation: No seed pre-treatment required. Immediate planting of seeds required because seeds degenerate quickly due to high fat content. Sow seeds in rich, loose, well-drained soil. Easy from seed.

Native Region: West Tennessee and southern tier of counties in Middle Tennessee

Handsome, clump-forming, round-topped shrub or small tree. Its small size is especially suitable for small gardens. Showy, bright red flower clusters 6-10 inches long. No appreciable fall color and tends to drop its leaves by the end of summer. Occurs naturally in low, rich woodland valleys, at bluff bases, on wooded slopes and along streambanks. Foliage tends to scorch and generally deteriorate under dry conditions.

Attracts hummingbirds.





One response to “Red Buckeye

  1. Hugh Conlon January 20, 2018 at 9:39 pm

    Red buckeye is remarkably shade tolerant, but amount of sunlight is proportional to numbers of flowers. Expect no fall color because mid-summer leaf blotching results in early defoliation. Tree (or large shrub) deserves to be planted more. Large specimen on ETSU campus one block away from University Drive and BP gas station

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